Kanji, Words and phrases describing postures and stances and relative positions use in martial practices.

 

座り方 (Suwari Ho) Sitting Terms

KanjiRomaji

Rough Translation

胡座a.gu.raBarbaric Sitting/ Foreign Sitting
安座an.zasitting cross legged
正座sei.zaFormal/ Properly Seated
跪座
ki.za
Kneeling on the balls of the feet.
半座han.zahalf seated/ kneeling up
土下座
 do.ge.za
kneeling prostate bowing position
 居合腰
i.ai.goshi 
hip lowered posture “Relationship Hips”
蹲踞son.kyocrouch/ squatting
座るsuwari/ suwattesitting/ sat
立て膝tatte.hizaraised knee/ outside kneeling
 

 

立ち位置 (Tachi Ichi) Standing Position Terms

KanjiRomaji

Rough Translation

左構え

hadari kama.e

left “face-off” stance

半身

han.mi

half body

構え

kama.e

“face-off” stance/ ready

騎馬立

kiba dachi

straddle/ horse stance

右構え

migi kama.e

right “face-off” stance

閉足立

Heisoku-dachi

 Feet together stance

平行立

Heikō-dachi

parallel stance

自然体

Shi.zen.tai

natural posture

立結び

musu.bi dachi

knot stance

Tatte/ Tachi

Stand/ Rise

 

 

立ち位置 (Tachi Ichi) Standing Position Terms

KanjiRomaji

Rough Translation

左構え

hadari kama.e

left “face-off” stance

一重

hito.e.mi

“Single Layer” narrow Stance

半身

han.mi

half body

構え

kama.e

“face-off” stance/ ready

騎馬立

kiba dachi

straddle/ horse stance

右構え

migi kama.e

right “face-off” stance

閉足立

Heisoku-dachi

 Feet together stance

平行立

Heiko-dachi

parallel stance

自然体

Shi.zen.tai

natural posture

立結び

musu.bi dachi

knot stance

Tatte/ Tachi

Stand/ Rise

 

 

相対位置 (sotai ichi) Relative Position Terms

KanjiRomaji

Rough Translation

半身ai.han.misame/ mutual stance
半身gyaku.han.mireverse/ mirrored stance

半身半立ち

han.mi han.dachi
Half Facing Stance Where Half are standing