辞書と用語集 (Jisho to yogo-shu) 

Dictionary And Glossary

Practicing a Japanese martial art is not just a physical activity but also about philosophy, with this in mind a person should need to understand the terms and the language used within the Art.

Aikido uses a perticular set of Japanese words and terms to describe its activities, techniques and exercises this glossary will help understand some of it.

Japanese is made of words 単語篇 (Tango) and numbers番号(Bango) which are written in a combination of 3 written forms Kanji, Hiragana and Katakana. The approximate pronounciation for english is called romaji.

 Japanese alphabet has :

14 consonants (k, s, t, n, h, m, y, r, w, g, z, d, b, p)

5 vowels (a, e, i, o, u)

But are only the vowels and n can be pronounced/ written individually, all other syllables, are made up of 1 consonant and 1 vowel. 

 

Pronouncing the syllables is done with equal stresses but the sounds of the vowels are like this: There are no silent letters.

A pronounced the same as cat

E pronounced the same as egg

I pronounced the same as the vowel sound in seat

o pronounced the same as pot 

u pronounced the same as put

ai pronounced the same as the vowel sound wine

ae pronounced “ah eh”

ei pronounced same as the vowel sound way

The main uses of hiragana are to aide pronouncing written words and to modify kanji to create verbs and adjectives and grammar.

 

When it was first developed, hiragana was not accepted by everyone. The educated or elites preferred to use only the kanji system, it was used by women, then Hiragana was used for unofficial writing such as personal letters, later they were combined into one set. The modern hiragana syllabary consists of 46 base characters:

  • 5 singular vowels
  • 40 consonant–vowel unions
  • 1 singular consonanthiragana
  • Daikuten: Some consonants can be modified to produce another set of syllable  k to gts/s to zt to dh to b and ch/sh to j indicated by mark
  • Handakuten : changing the h to a p indicated by ° mark
  • yōon: Changes the i sound into a long y sound where it is followed by ya, yu, yo these 3 characters are written smaller
  • sokuon: these create double consonant sounds it is used in all except the na, ni, ne, no, nu which are modified by n. These sounds are marked with a small tsu 
  • Wo is often pronounced “o”, and when ha is a particle is pronounced wa;  wi and we are considered obsolete.

 

The main uses of katakana is for transcription of foreign words(called gairaigo . Similarly, katakana is usually used for country names, foreign places, and foreign personal names, sometimes also for Japanese company names.

 

When it was first developed, Katakana was used for official writings such as government letters, from China. Like the modern hiragana syllabalry consists of the same 46 base characters:

  • 5 singular vowels
  • 42 consonant–vowel unions
  • 1 singular consonant
  • Katakana
  • Daikuten: Some consonants can be modified to produce another set of syllable  k to gts/s to zt to dh to b and ch/sh to j indicated by mark
  • Handakuten : changing the h to a p indicated by ° mark
  • yōon: Changes the i sound into a long y sound where it is followed by ya, yu, yo these 3 characters are written smaller
  • sokuon: these create double consonant sounds it is used in all except the na, ni, ne, no, nu which are modified by n. These sounds are marked with a small tsu ッ
  • chōonpu: This is a modifier elongating vowel sounds marked by short line ー following the direction of the text
  • Wo is often pronounced “o”, and written as hiragana を

Kanji is a wide used written language composed of iconographs there are over 85,000 though the commonest are about 3000 in number and many more combinations. For this reason we wont go int a lot of detail here just some background.

The Japanese  had no written language when Chinese started trading so their characters were introduced. For a long time texts were written and read only in Chinese.

Later, the Japanese speakers restructured the Chinese sentence characters and added  particles and verb endings, in accordance with the rules of Japanese grammar, some characters were used for their sounds rather than meaning to fit spoken Japanese.

As kanji is not phonetic based it can be difficult to learn at first. indeed the characters may not only have different meanings but different sounds. The reading meaning is called “kun yomi” and the sound meaning “on yomi”. This is why when translating martial arts terms some of the meanings sound different this is common in counting.

As with other kanji there are 2 pronounciations for Japanese numbers

Kanjion yomikun yomiRough Translation

rei 

zero 

zero 

ichi

hito 

one

ni

 futa

two

san

mitsu 

three


shi

yon 

four

go

itsu 

five

rokku

 mu

six

shichi

 nana

seven

hachi

yaa 

eight

kyu

 kokono

nine

jyu

tou 

ten

十一

jyu-ichi

 

eleven

 

jyu-ni

 

 twelve

 

ni-jyu

 

 twenty

 

ni-jyu-ichi

 

 twenty one

 

hyaku

 momo

 one hundred

 

sen

 chi

 one thousand

man

yorozu 

 ten thousand

 Common Japanese Phrases And Commands Terms

Romaji

Rough Translation

domo arigatothank you
domo arigato goziama.shitathank you for that
haiyes
hai dozogo ahead
hijime
start/ Begin
kon.ban.wagood evening
kotae
answer/ swap
kon.nichi.wahello
mo.ichida.onagai.shimasu
One More Time Please
ona.gai.shimasuplease
do itashimashite
You Are Welcome
ohayo gozaimasu
good morning
subarashiexcellent
yorushiku onegaishimasuPleased to meet you
sumi.masen/ gomen na.saisorry
rei
bow
yamaestop
 

Kanji, Words and phrases describing parts of the body which are related to martial techniques.

KanjiRomajiRough Translation
足首ashi.kubiAnkle
udeArm
karada/ taiBody
muneChest
hijiElbow
yubiFinger
ashiFoot/ Ankle
teHand
atamaHead
 men Face/ Surface
 kakato Heel
首  kubi Neck
 肩  kata Shoulder
hizaKnee
 haraBelly/ Abdomen 
 koshi Waist
手首  te.kubi Wrist
sodeSleeve

Kanji, Words and phrases describing relative positions and movement directions which are related to martial techniques.

KanjiRomajiRough Translation
合うaiMatched/ Mutual
捻るchokuDirect/ Straightforward
八方
Ha.ppo
All (eight) Directions
gyakuopposite/ Reverse
hidariLeft

migi
Right
kae.shiReverse
越すko.suCross over
間合いma.aiInterval/ Martial Distance
maeFront/ Forward
 回る mawa.ri Spin/ Rotate
回し  mawa.shi Round/ Circular Motion
 斜めnana.me Diagonal/ Slanting
 表 omote Visible Side/ Surface
左右  sa.yu Left-Right Motion
 四方 shi.ho Four Directions/ Square
死角
shi.kakudead angle/ Blind Spot
正面 sho.men Front Face
側面 soku.men flank/ Lateral
外  soto outside
 隅sumi corner
 内uchi inside

ura
hidden side/ behind
後ろ
ushi.ro
Back/ Behind/ Rear
横後
yoko.men
side Face
前後  zen.go  Forward-Backward Motion

The names and pronunciation and Kanji terms found in the practices, training and exercises in Aikido  and some general Japanese martial arts practices.

 稽古 (Keiko) Practice & Training Terms

KanjiRomajiRough Translation
合わせ
a.wa.seBlending/ Harmonizing
動作do.saAction/ Movement
合掌ga.shoUnite Palms (pray)
hoMethod/ Rule/ Law/ Principle
kataForm / Shape
 稽古kei.koPractice/ Training
魂の稽古
kon.no.kei.ko“Diamond” yang/ Solid  Training
柔の稽古
juu.no.kei.ko“willow” soft/ flexible  Training
流の稽古
ryu.no.kei.ko“water” fluid/ free  Training
気の稽古
ki.no.kei.ko“air” energy/ spirit  Training
 kiEnergy, Spirit
基本ki.hon Basics/ Fundamentals
瞑想
mei.so
Meditation
目潰しme.tsubu.shiDistracting The Eyes
目付me.tsukeEye Contact/ Gaze

misogipurification
黙想moku.soSilent Meditation
無心mu.shinempty mind, innocence
守破離shu.ha.riobey, digress, separate. the three stages from learning to mastery
reibow
礼式rei.shi.kietiquette
捌きsaba.kiHandling (Of Something)
体操tai.so“body hardening”, body improvement exercise
wazatechnique/ skill
残心zanshinremaining mind

The names and pronunciation and Kanji terms found in the practices, training and exercises in Aikido  and some general Japanese martial arts practices.

儀式と準備運動 gishiki to junbi undo Rituals And Preparation Exercises
 
KanjiRomajiRough Translation

舟漕ぎ運動

fune.ko.gi.undoboat rowing exercise
天の鳥船の御 

 ame.no.tori.

fune.no.gyo

 heavenly bird ship
振りの御furi.tama.no.gyo Soul shaking
 準備体操junbi.taiso Warm up exercises
鏡開き
kagami.bira.kiopening the mirror New Year ceremony
基本動作
ki.hon.dosabasic movements
言霊
koto.damaChanted Words
瞑想
mei.so.ho
Meditation Practice
座禅za.zenSitting Meditation

Kanji, Words and phrases describing attacks holds and attack directions and dynamics.

 

持つ (Mochi) Hold & Application Terms

 

KanjiRomajiRough Translation
引きhi.kiPulling
捻るhine.riTwist
絡みkara.miTie-up, Entangle, Bind
固めkata.meHarden/ Stablize/ Fix/ Pin
持つmo.chiHold/ Take/ Carry
落とし
 o.to.shi
Fall/ Drop/ Lose
osa.e
Push/ Press
応用ou.yoApplication/ Applied
絞めshi.meSqueeze, Strangle, Lock
擦りsu.riRub, Graze, Scrape
伸ばす
noba.shi
Extend
二人取り
futa.ri.dori
technique with two opponents
二人取り掛れ
ni nin dori
futa.ri.ga.re
technique with two opponents holding
三人取り
mitsu.ri.dori
technique with three opponents
三人取り掛れ
san nin dori
mitsu.ri.ga.re
technique with three opponents holding

Kanji, Words and phrases describing attacks holds and attack directions and dynamics.

 当たる (Atari) Striking Attack Terms

Kanji Romaji Rough Translation

当み

ate.mi

“hit body”, A body strike

中段突き

chuu dan tsu.ki

middle thrusting strike

下段突き

ge dan tsu.ki

lower thrusting strike

上段突き

jo dan tsu.ki

upper thrusting strike

蹴る

ke.ri

kick

気合

ki.ai

fighting spirit/ vocal strike

切り

ki.ri

cut

正面打

sho.men.u.chi

direct “straight face” strike

突き

tsu.ki

thrusting strike

u.chi

strikes

横面打

yoko.men.uchi

“side face” strike

 

Kanji, Words and phrases describing postures and stances and relative positions use in martial practices.

 
座りと位置 (Suwari tou Ichi) Sitting Position Terms
 
KanjiRomajiRough Translation
胡座a.gu.raBarbaric Sitting/ Foreign Sitting
安座an.zasitting cross legged
正座sei.zaFormal/ Properly Seated
跪座
ki.za
Kneeling on the balls of the feet.
半座han.zahalf seated/ kneeling up
土下座
 do.ge.zakneeling prostate bowing position
 居合腰i.ai.goshi hip lowered posture “Relationship Hips”
蹲踞son.kyocrouch/ squatting
座るsuwari/ suwattesitting/ sat
立て膝tatte.hizaraised knee/ outside kneeling

Kanji, Words and phrases describing postures and stances and relative positions use in martial practices.

立ち位置 (Tachi Ichi) Standing Position Terms

KanjiRomajiRough Translation

左構え

hadari kama.e

left “face-off” stance

半身

han.mi

half body

構え

kama.e

“face-off” stance/ ready

騎馬立

kiba dachi

straddle/ horse stance

右構え

migi kama.e

right “face-off” stance

閉足立

Heisoku-dachi

 Feet together stance

平行立

Heikō-dachi

parallel stance

自然体

Shi.zen.tai

natural posture

立結び

musu.bi dachi

knot stance

Tatte/ Tachi

Stand/ Rise

 

Kanji, Words and phrases describing postures and stances and relative positions use in martial practices.

 

相対位置 (sotai ichi) Relative Position Terms

 

KanjiRomajiRough Translation
半身ai.han.misame/ mutual stance
逆半身gyaku.han.mireverse/ mirrored stance

半身半立ち

han.mi han.dachi
Half Facing Stance Where Half are standing

Kanji, Words and phrases describing body movement used in martial practices.

 

足捌き(Ashi Sabaki) Foot Movements Terms

 

All foot moves can be performed mae 前 (forward) & ushiro 後 (backward)

KanjiRomajiRough Translation
歩み足ayu.mi ashinatural walk
踏み替え足fu.mi.ka.e ashifoot switch
入身足iri.mi ashientering body step
回転足
kai.ten ashi
rotation on the feet
送り足oku.ri ashisending foot slide
表三角足
omote san.kaku ashiForward triangle foot movement
膝行shi.kko“knee go” samurai knee walking
soko.men ashiside facing step
擦るsu.ri ashiSkimming step
転換ten.kan ashirotating pivot step
転身足
ten.shin ashimoving 45 degrees off line

tsu.gi ashifollowing foot slide
unsokufoot movements
裏三角足
ura.san.kaku ashireverse triangle step

Kanji, Words and phrases describing body movement used in martial practices.

捌き(Te Sabaki) Hand Movement Terms

KanjiRomajiRough Translation

小回し

ko mawa.shi

small rotation

回し

O mawa.shi

large rotation

回し

soto mawa.shi

outer rotation

返し
soto gae.shi

outside reverse

te.gatana

hand sword

内返し

uchi gae.shi

inside reverse

内回し

uchi mawa.shi

inner rotation

Kanji, Words and phrases describing falls and rolls used in martial practices.

受け身 (uke.mi) Receiving With The Body 

KanjiRomajiRough Translation
直と前受け身choku.to mae u.ke.miDirect  Forward Breakfall
半転受け身han.ten ushiro uke.miHalf Turn Backwards Breakfall
前方回転前受け身zen.po kai.ten mae uke.miForward Roll
反転回転前受け身
Hanten kai.ten ushi.ro uke.mi
Backward Roll
横回転前受け身yoko.kai.ten uke.miSideways Roll
飛ぶ受け身
 tobu uke.mi
Flying Breakfall
横受け身
 yoko uke.mi
Side Breakfall

The names and pronunciation and Kanji for solo exercises common to Aikido.

単独動作 (Tandoku Dousa) Solo Exercises

KanjiRomajiRough Translation
歩身足運動ayu.mi ashi undonormal step exercise
八方運動hap.po giri undoeight direction cut exercise
一教呼吸運動ikkyo kokyu undofirst principle breath exercise
入身足運動
iri.mi ashi undo
entering step exercise
入身法iri.mi hoentering exercise
後方転回足運動
 koho ten.kai ashi undo 
(ten.kan ho)
 backward rotating exercise
正座法
sei.za ho
 standing and sitting exercise
四方切運動shi.ho giri undofour direction cut exercise
膝行法shikko hoknee walk exercise
正面打運動sho.men.uchi undodirect cut exercise
次足運動
tsu.gi ashi undofoot sliding exercise
突き運動
tsu.ki undopunch exercise
横面打運動
yoko.men.uchi undoside cut exercise
前方転回足運動
zenpo ten.kai ashi undo 
(iri.mi ten.kan ho)
forward rotating exercise

The names and pronunciation and Kanji for paired exercises common to Aikido.

相対動作 (Sotai Dousa) Paired Exercises

Kanji Romaji Rough Translation
取り転換 mae ryo.te dori ten.kan ho front both hand rotation exercise
手取り心の移動 morote dori jushin no ido two hand wrist hold body shift exercise
手取り呼吸力全養成 morote dori kokyu rokyu zenshin yosei ho two hand wrist hold breath & elbow power Exercise
背伸運動 omote hai.shin undo forward back stretch exercise
手取り呼吸法 omote tachi waza kata.te dori kokyu ho forward breath power practice one handed standing exercise
側面背伸運動
sokumen hai.shin undo
 
sideways entry back stretch exercise
側面立技片手取り呼吸法
sokumen tachi waza kata.te dori kokyu ho
 
sideway breath power practice one handed standing exercise
座り両手取り呼吸法 suwari waza ryo.te dori kokyu ho both wrist hold breath power exercise
座り両手取り握り法 suwari waza ryo.te dori ni.giri ho both wrist hold exercise
転換法 tai.no uchi ten.kan ho (iri.mi ho) inward body turn exercise
背伸運動 ura hai.shin undo outward body turn exercise
立技片手取り呼吸法 ura tachi waza kata te dori kokyu ho backward breath power practice one handed standing exercise
後ろ両手取り転換法 ushiro ryo.te dori ten.kan ho back both hand rotation exercise

The names and pronunciation and Kanji for Aikido techniques which involve holds, pins and applications.

固め技 Kata.me  Waza / 関節技Kansetsu Waza

Hold & Control Techniques

All waza can be performed mae (forward) & ushiro (backward) Also Tachi Waza (Standing), Sawari Waza (Sitting), Hanmi Handachi (1 Stood, 1 Sat)

Kanji Romaji Rough Translation
第一教 dai.ik.kyo First Principle/ Lesson
腕押さえ ude o.sa.e arm control
第二教 dai.ni.kyo Second Principle/ Lesson
小手回し kote mawashi Forearm Turn
第三教 dai.san.kyo Third Principle/ Lesson
小手捻り
kote hineri
Forearm Twist
第四教
dai.yon.kyo
Fourth 
Principle/ Lesson
小手押さえ kote o.sa.e Forearm Control
第五教 dai.go.kyo Fifth Principle/ Lesson
腕伸ばす ude noba.shi Arm Extending
第六教  dai.rok.kyo  Sixth Principle/ Lesson
肘極め押さえ hiji kime osae  elbow focus control
腕挫二教 ude hishigi nikkyo elbow twist second principal
方投げ shi.ho na.ge Throw Of 4 cardinal points
小手返し ko.te gae.shi small hand return
固め kata gata.me arm immobilze
絡み投げ 投げ ude gara.mi na.ge ju.ji na.ge  arm entangle number ten shape throw 

The names and pronunciation and Kanji for Aikido techniques which involve Advanced Techniques such as Breath Power Techniques.

呼吸投げ 技 Ko.kyu.Na.ge  Waza 

Breathing Power Throw Techniques

All waza can be performed mae (forward) & ushiro (backward) Also Tachi Waza (Standing), Sawari Waza (Sitting), Hanmi Handachi (1 Stood, 1 Sat)

KanjiRomajiRough Translation
入り身呼吸投げiri.mi ko.kyu na.geentering breath throw
入り身転換呼吸投げiri.mi ten.kan ko.kyu na.geentering turn breath throw
入り身回転呼吸投げiri.mi kai.ten ko.kyu na.geentering pivot breath throw
外回転呼吸投げ
soto kai.ten ko.kyu na.ge
outside pivot breath throw
内回転呼吸投げuchi kai.ten ko.kyu na.geinside pivot breath throw
転換呼吸投げ
 ten.kan ko.kyu na.ge
turning breath throw
後ろ呼吸投げ
ushi.ro ko.kyu na.ge
reverse direction breath throw
側面呼吸投げsoku.men ko.kyu na.ge flanking breath throw 
転換継ぎ足呼吸投げten.kan tsugi.ashi ko.kyu na.ge  
turning and slide step breath throw
肩車呼吸投げ
 Kata guruma ko.kyu na.ge
shoulder wheel breath throw

The names and pronunciation and Kanji for Aikido techniques which involve Advanced Techniques such as Hip Throw Techniques.

腰投げ 技 Koshi.Na.ge  Waza Hip Throw Techniques

Almost All waza can be performed mae (forward) & ushiro (backward) Also Tachi Waza (Standing), Sawari Waza (Sitting), Hanmi Handachi (1 Stood, 1 Sat)

KanjiRomajiRough Translation
入り身腰投げiri.mi koshi na.geentering hip throw
内回転腰投げ
uchi kai.ten koshi na.geinward pivot hip throw
外回転腰投げsoto kai.ten koshi na.geoutward pivot hip throw
大腰投げ
o go.shi na.ge
Big hip throw
後ろ腰投げushi.ro ko.shi na.gereverse hip throw
はじき腰投げ
ha.ji.ki ko.shi na.ge
Flicking Hip Throw
釣込腰投げ
tsuri komi ko.shi na.ge
lifting pull hip throw
小手捻り腰投げkote-hineri koshi-nageforearm twist hip throw
転換継ぎ足呼吸投げten.kan tsugi.ashi ko.kyu na.ge  
turning and slide step breath throw

The names and pronunciation and Kanji for Aikido techniques which involve Standard Throws, some are akin to Judo Techniques.

 

 固め技 Na.ge  Waza Throw Techniques

All waza can be performed mae (forward) & ushiro (backward) Also Tachi Waza (Standing), Sawari Waza (Sitting), Hanmi Handachi (1 Stood, 1 Sat)

KanjiRomajiRough Translation
引きten.chi na.geheaven & earth throw
捻るomote iri.mi na.geDirect Entering Body Throw
搦みura iri.mi na.geIndirect Entering Body Throw
側面
soku.men iri.mi na.ge
Flanking Entering Body Throw
持つsoto kai.ten na.geoutward pivot turn throw
落とし
uchi kai.ten na.ge
inward pivot turn throw
極め投げ 投げ
ude ki.me na.ge ju.ji na.ge
arm extend number ten shape throw

The names and pronunciation and Kanji for Aikido techniques which involve Dropping partner, some are akin to Judo Techniques.

落とし技 Oto.shi Waza Drop Techniques

All waza can be performed mae (forward) & ushiro (backward) Also Tachi Waza (Standing), Sawari Waza (Sitting), Hanmi Handachi (1 Stood, 1 Sat)

KanjiRomajiRough Translation
合気落としaiki oto.shiblending drop
隅落としsumi oto.shiCorner Drop
切り落とし
ki.ri oto.shicutting Drop
浮き落とし
u.ki oto.shiSweeping/ Floating  Drop
巻き落とし
ma.ki oto.shiTwisting/ roll up Drop
肩ひき落とし
kata hi.ki oto.shiShoulder Pull Drop
擦る落とし
suri oto.shiStriking  Drop
背負落とし
Seoi oto.shiShoulder Drop
落とし
Tai  oto.shiBody Drop

The names and pronunciation and Kanji for parts of a martial arts practice place.

 

道場/ 演武場  Dojo / Enbujo Training Place Terms

 

KanjiRomajiRough Translation
道場dou.jou“Way Place” Practice hall 
演舞場en.bu.jouDemonstration Area
合宿ga.shu.kuTraining Camp/ lodging
玄関
gen.kan
entrance/ foyer
本部hon.buhead office
上席
jou.seki
upper seat/ senior 
掛け軸
 kake.jiku
Hanging Scroll
神棚kami.danaheaven shelf/ altar
上座kami.za/ jou.zaheaven/ top seat

kanhall/ building
稽古
keiko.jouTraining Area
名札 掛け
nafuda. kakeName Scroll
下関
shimo.sekiLower Side/ barrier
下座
shimo.zaLower Seat
正面
shou.menFront Face/ Area

tatamiMat
床の間
toko.no.maAlcove for flowers or art
合気道神社
aikido jin.jaaikido shrine

The names and pronunciation and Kanji for practitioners and people associated with Aikido and martial arts.

固人々の種類 Hitobito no shurui  

Kinds Of  People

KanjiRomajiRough Translation
yu.dan.shaDan Rank Person
yu.kyu.shaKyu Rank Person
道場dou.jo.chouDojo Leader
道主
do.shu
Aikikai Chairman
合気道aikido.kaAikido Practitioner

fuku.shidoin
assistant Senior Instructor
指導員
 shidoin
Senior Instructor
学生gaku.sei  student
先生sen.seiteacher
先生O sen.seigreat teacher
若先生
waka sen.seiyoung Teacher
後輩
kou.haijunior
先輩
sen.paisenior
段者
mu.dan.shaungraded person
投げ
na.geThrown person
受け
u.keReceiving Partner
取り
to.riTaking Partner/ Executer
稽古台
kei.ko.dai
Training Partner
師範shi.hanMaster/ Expert

 

武器(Buki) Weapons And 服(Fuku) Clothes

The names and pronunciation and Kanji for equipment used in Aikido practices and some general weaponary found in Japanese martial arts practices.

KanjiRomajiRough Translation
木刀bo.kenWood Sword
hakamaJapanese Pleated Trousers
居合刀i.ai.toiaido blade
bo
large staff
jostaff
落とし
 katana
japanese samurai sword
脇差
wakisashi
short sword
竹刀shi.naibamboo sword
短刀tan.toudagger
稽古kei.ko gitraining clothes
足袋tabi bootsSplit Toe Socks “Foot Pouch”
obisash belt
草履zorisandles

帯色 (Obi iro) Belt Colours

Kanji Romaji Rough Translation

白い帯

shiroi.obi

White Belt

赤い帯

akai.obi

Red Belt

黄色い帯

Kiroi.obi

Yellow Belt

Dai.dai.obi

Orange Belt

緑帯

Midori.obi

Green Belt

青い帯

Aoi.obi

Blue Belt

茶色

Chya.iro.obi

Brown Belt

Kuroi.obi

Black Belt