Rei Ho (礼法) Courtesy The Art Of Bowing
In Aikido tradition and etiquette are very important. The most basic form of this is the bow, this is likely the most often used activity in Aikido and is a sign of respect.
There are two forms of bow commonly used that of the standing bow立礼 (Ritsu Rei) and the sitting bow 座礼 (Za Rei). In both cases the back should be straight and and taken at a respectable distance. The deeper and longer the bow the higher the level of respect.
Bows are conducted throughout the class from the start, to the kamiza and the instructor. Between students while practising with each other, then at the end of the class.
Junbi Taiso 準備 体操 Warming Up Exercises
As with any physical exercise, strength or conditioning training warm ups are very important, the body should be properly prepared for the rigour of practice.
Many people will do their own personal warm-ups before the start of a class which are tailored to their body and mood. However it is important not to overexert or over stretch the body.
If you have a medical condition or had an injury or are in pain, please see a doctor before starting any stretching or exercise program and inform the instructor before the class.
It is common for the instructor to conduct communal warm-up exercises after starting. This helps to promote a community spirit and helps the instructor judge the classes general fitness and flexibility. Typically this involves static and dynamic stretching and breathing exercises. It is important to remember peoples bodies are very different, only do what you can, dont overstretch and if it hurts then stop.
Makko Ho (真向法) These are a set of exercises recommended to tonify the muscles, improve flexibility of the body and promote good health. They are a series of stretches of the bodies meridians following the principles of chinese medicine.
Aikido has a few unique exercises in this regard which are carried out along side the normal regime.
Tekubi-Kansetsu Junan Undo 手首関節 柔軟運動 is a Specialised wrist exercises are used to increase the flexibility of the wrists and arms.